India has already become one of the most powerful powers in space. Now it is heading one step closer to proclaim the title. Chandrayaan-2 has been ready to set off on 15th of July in 2019 and it is going to be the most complex space mission of ISRO till up to date. Not only India but also other countries are going to pay attention to his launch because it is not only a space mission for India, it is coming with the title of next possibilities in future for Space research and development of India.
Chandrayaan-2, also called the Bahubali of space. It is as big as it name suggests. It is mainly divided into two parts, the first part is to plant a floating station on the Geo-transfer orbit and the second part is to deliver a rover on the moon surface for research and collecting samples of the moon’s soil for testing. The rover will be planted on the south pole of the moon which is until now untouched by any other space nations.
The main objective of this Chandrayaan-2 is research. It is going to monitor the atmospheric conditions and looking for any other potential resources which can be found in moon like is there any trace of water molecules or other rare elements etc. Till now the US, Russia, China and many other private companies are looking for the resources in moon and Mars. The chairman of ISRO K.Sivan stated that the main objective is to land the rover in the soft part of the South Pole for safety landing. This South Pole has not been discovered by anyone so this is going to be a brand new experience for any unmanned vehicle on the moon’s surface.
The whole mission can be described in two different parts. The first part is to place an orbiter on the Geo-transfer orbit then from that a Lander will be detached which will land on the moon’s surface. The Orbiter and Lander will be launched by the GSLV MARK-III rocket which is a very heavy loaded rocket also known as ‘Fat Boy’ or ‘Bahubali’. The rocket will be launched on 15th of July from Sriharikota Island situated in the Bay of Bengal. The main head office to monitor the launch program is situated in Bangalore.
This rocket will enter in the moon’s orbit when the moon is nearest to the earth. According to the chairman of ISRO the rocket will cover 385,000 Km in around 50 days to reach Geo-transfer orbit. After entering the orbit the rocket will be detached and will place the orbiter. When the orbiter is about a height of 150 km from the lunar surface the Lander will start to move down about a speed of 300 km/hour in a revolving way around the moon to minimize the impact of striking on the lunar surface.
The Lander is named as “Vikram” in the memory of Vikram Sarabhai, one of the pioneers of Space research for India. The Lander will land on the moon on 6th or 7th of September as the chairman of ISRO K.Sivan stated. The six wheel rover will start to move just after twenty minutes the Lander has reached the lunar surface and then it will also start to send pictures to earth by satellites. It is going to be a one year project for ISRO. In the meantime the rover will search for the existence of water on the moon.
K.Sivan also said that they have chosen the South Pole because this area is more likely plane surface than any other area of the moon; also this area is enlightened with sun which will help in taking pictures and balancing the temperature conditions. Russia and China’s lunar operation was based on the north pole of the moon and while America’s space mission was concentrated on the equatorial region so this space mission will absolutely bring something big and new this is the hope of ISRO.The rover will also do chemical analysis of the moon’s surface and measure the strength and rapidness of moonquake. It will dig the moon crust for measuring the level and any source of finding the underground water.
The cost of the total Chandrayaan-2 project is around 978 crore where the Lander, orbiter, rover will cost 603 crore and the heavy rocket, geo-stationary satellite launch and ground communication system will cost 375 crore. ISRO is always famous for making cost effective missions and this time it is also not the exception.
ISRO have officially declared on their official twitter about their project Chandrayaan-2. There they also asked from their followers that if they have been given rights to deliver 5 things to moon what it will be. Most of the tweets came with one common answer and that is they all want to see the tricolor national flag of India to be held in moon and a portrait of Sir A P J Abdul Kalam. ISRO have also launched a portal to register to see the live launching of the rocket from Sriharikota. About seven thousand people have shown their desire to register to see the launch event with their own eyes. The live stream will also happen in Doordarshan channel in television. If you don’t have the access to television then you can also watch the live stream on YouTube channel of Doordarshan.
This launch is surely going to bring a new hope for the space research in India. India is looking forward to conquering the space and making a permanent impact on other nations regarding space researches. So the 7th of September is going to be a big day for India and ISRO when the rover will land on the lunar surface.
This Article is Written By : Aditya Narayan Daw